You will prepare and submit a term paper on ADHD in Children. Your paper should be a minimum of 1250 words in length. Those diagnosed in childhood are likely to continue with the condition up to adulthood. According to Quinn (2012), more than 3 percent of adults in the United State of America have been diagnosed with ADHD.
Numerous researches reveal that the boy child is likely to be diagnosed four to nine times with ADHD more than girl child. A study conducted in the United States by the Institute of Mental Health, based on brain images. found out that some brain parts of a child diagnosed with ADHD developed at a low rate than those of non-ADHD children. In this regard, the study argued that ADHD may result from delayed brain development that is not constant over time (Quinn, 2012).
A longitudinal study carried out on girls revealed that girls diagnosed with ADHD showed increased problems related to depression, fear, and bad eating habits, around the age of 12 to 18 years than their counterparts with no ADHD. Similar research has shown that the diagnosis of ADHD in girls is delayed than that of boys, the reason being that girls are most inattentive than the boys who are always hyperactive or impulse at times.
Diagnosis of ADHD in the US is conducted according to certain criteria contained in the DSM-IV, which is a statistical manual with a method to diagnose a mental disorder. In these criteria, symptoms involve those of inattention and those caused by hyperactivity or impulsivity (Rabiner, 2006).
A study conducted by Florence et al (1991) in Australia interpreted data from Australian Twin ADHD intervention on the correlation between co-morbid ADHD and mental disorders, and their effects on the reading ability of these children. The study utilized DSM-IV oriented ratings of the attention disorders and identified various disorders for the twins and siblings between 6-18 years old. These disorders include anxiety, conduct, depression, and oppositional defiant disorders (Levy, et al, 2012).