Write a 5 pages paper on hebraism and hellenism: comparison of sarah and penelope. For Jews, the study of time and history are central to their lives and are originated from God. However, for the Greeks history is studied with respect to its usefulness and time represents the cycle of destruction and reconstruction. The concept of God also changes in both societies. Greeks rank nature first and believe that God is evolved out of nature, while for Jews god created nature and time.
Hellenism sees things the way they are. Hebraism goes with conduct and obedience. Considering the same the fluent, cultural inheritance of ancient Greece and the austere spiritual inheritance of ancient Israel is the bipolar approach. Hellenism includes the capability of comprehensive theoretical knowledge or science, aesthetic sensibility, and creativity, the spirit of freedom and democracy. Hebraism on the other hand is made of stalwart morality, unchangeable ethics of duty and obedience, and rightful frugality in all other aspects. Felicity for Hebrew means obeying the commandments of the Lord. The obedience comes from passion, tenacity. He would happily give himself in the hands of God, letting the ultimate power govern his every impulse, action, and gesture. For Greeks, the idea of felicity is when they think aright. While Hebraism is rigid, Hellenism is flexible. For Hebraism, the basis of functioning is the strictness of conscience while that of Hellenism is the spontaneity of consciousness.
Sarah or Sarai was the first wife of Abraham. The parentage of Sarah is unknown. Her name means “the princess” the fact that she was childless is stressed more than the trace of her origins. She is the pillar of her husband’s life. She is beautiful and her beauty has attracted many kings and generals alike. So much so that in fear of the attraction her beauty causes her husband in order to safeguard him proclaims that she is his sister. This doesn’t however deter the Pharaoh from asking for her hand. It is only by god’s intervention that she is restored to Abraham.
Penelope, the beautiful wife of Odysseus, comes across as the most faithful wife. She has waited for two decades for her husband to return to her. She has to protect herself with all the strength and wisdom she has got from the prospective suitors.