Write 6 pages thesis on the topic counselling and psychotherapy without research is just a listening relationship. It suggests new explanations of texts or data and presents fresh queries for future researchers to investigate. Research involves investigating issues that have never been probed before and carrying out the task of finding the answer. The rest is to share the knowledge gathered to the relevant audience or even the public (Marks, 2005).
This paper aims at examining the relevance of research to psychotherapy and counselling, how it influences the processes and what more should be done to improve their quality. Since there are several types of research, the paper shall also unearth other areas of research needed in the psychotherapy and counselling field. Research methods used in psychology are different from those applied in other areas. It is, therefore, to know the various types of research that exist.
First, there is observational research that includes case studies, ethological and ethnographic studies. It just involves literary observation of phenomena and recording. Mark (2005) cites that they are mostly qualitative in nature. For instance, a mental case study would require extensive remarks from interviews with and observations with a client.
Co-relational research is another method. It examines the relationship between two or more variables. For example, research may be carried out in an area with a high rate of lung diseases. The researcher may study the smoking habits of the people. If the higher the number of smokers translates to high numbers of those suffering from lung diseases, then the two are said to co-vary directly (Timulak, 2008).
Quasi-experiments are very close to true experiments but they use naturally pre-existing groups. Russion (2003) gives an example that if one wanted to compare old and young subjects on the capacity of their lungs, it is impracticable to arbitrarily allocate subjects to either the old or the young. When one has natural groups, the variable being studied is a subject variable, like age in this case.