Provide a 5 pages analysis while answering the following question: Unethical Behavior in Information Technology and Information Systems. Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide. An abstract is required. Computer speed, unauthorized access to databases, information integrity and information confidentiality not considered adequately means that information technology and information system can be exposed to unethical practices.
There is a wide variety of ethical issues associated with information technology that need to be considered (Johnson, 1997), and some of the different types will be discussed later.
An ethical dilemma is a situation that will often involve the need to choose from among two or more courses of action where both or all could be considered ethical but the goodness of one out the other or others (Hamric, Spross, and Hanson, 2000). There are various ethical dilemmas associated with I.T that need to be addressed. What are ethical or unethical in information technology? For example, the act of hackers is unethical because they perform or test the system without permission, a generic engineer may or may not improve the quality of people lives. There are many grey ethical areas, but one should know how to deal with.
Plagiarism refers to the stealing, close imitation, wrongful appropriation or publication and coping of another authors work (Stepchyshyn, Vera, Nelson, 2007). This is highly immoral and unethical practice but it happens consistently due to the easy availability of information on the Internet. In legality/or ethically an author cannot reuses his/her own ideas or words from a previous publication without proper referencing the older publication (Bawyer, 2001). Plagiarisms are happening quite frequently and are becoming uncontrollable due to the rapid changes in information technology. It is the Internet technology that helps in the learning process and educational improvement but also provides problems such as hacking, and copyrights issues etc.
Piracy in information technology or computer means reproduction, distribution or copying of software without permission of the owner of the copyright. It is considered an illegal act and become a very serious problem.