Provide a 5 pages analysis while answering the following question: Should Society Be Structured around the Good of the Individual or the Collective. Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide. An abstract is required. Should something only be wrong when an individual finds it so or when the whole society disregards it? Arguments have as well ensued about whether the society should be tethered around serving the interest of the individual members or the common good that benefits all. Those arguing for collectivism claim that society is a single unit defined by the collective functioning. It is, therefore, essential that individual members recognize this collectivity and work in alignment with the common social expectations and values rather than individual choices. On the other hand, individualism gives the people the choice to work around serving their self-interests as well as meeting their objectives. This implies that the decisions they make should only be directed toward individual concerns/goods and not dependent on the wider collective interest of other society members. Society should be constructed to serve the collective interest.
From the collective point of view, society is a super system that exists beyond the individuals. It is a single unit with different segments such as race, ethnicity, and religion among others. These are the sub-units that collectively make it whole and individuals have to belong to some of the social groups. Their behaviors, therefore, have to align with the expectations of those particular groups if order and stability are to be achieved. As Claassen (70) argues, the best society that is orderly, just, and fair can only be achieved when the goals are shifted from meeting an individual’s interest to serving the collective purpose. The prime purpose of everyone’s existence is to meet the expectations of the society in which they live.
Different philosophers have risen to support the need to have a collective society that works to support the social values and collective functioning rather than an individual-oriented system. Karl Marx is famously known for his socioeconomic communism system in which he campaigned for a social structure that reinforced communism. Marx argues that the socioeconomic balance and sustenance can only be achieved when people begin to mind about the wellbeing of the whole society rather than themselves.