Provide a 6 pages analysis while answering the following question: Race Class and Gender in a Correctional Context. Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide. An abstract is required. Since the U.S has different policies for different states, this paper will use the example of Minnesota. The Minnesota example of sentencing reform extends beyond the state. Over 19 states use this model. The District of Columbia has also used the model. Notably, the federal courts currently employ some form of sentencing guidelines. The American Bar Association has since endorsed this approach in initial drafts of anticipated amendments of the American Law Institute’s Model Penal Code (Frase, 2014).
The most notable sentencing policy change was the replacement of the indeterminate system of sentencing with the sentencing guidelines (Frase, 2014). In 1980, the state of Minnesota legally adopted compulsory sentencing guidelines. It became the first state to do this. It also became the first state to institute a stable, sovereign sentencing commission. The work of the commission was to develop guidelines on sentencing. The Commission would also monitor its implementation as well as make a necessary recommendation in relation to sentencing. The state also instituted the practice of employing guidelines and a commission that set policies prioritizing the use and working within the limits of, available correctional capacity (Frase, 2014). .
These guidelines styles are extensively applauded and emulated not just aimed at reducing the disappointingly great racial and other discrepancies in sentencing, but because the style is more predictable, data-informed as well as politically independent. Guidelines from a commission of this nature ease the task of states in managing the ever-diminishing prison space and hence avoid the over-crowded prison scenarios. .The effect of this style of the policy was indicated by the slow prison population growth in the state of Minnesota as compared to the national prison population growth in the 1980s (Frase, 2014).