I need help creating a thesis and an outline on Philosophy the Power of Ideas. Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide. An abstract is required. St. Augustine stated that God is pure goodness. Everything good and real comes from God. According to Augustine, evil does not exist on its own and that there are two kinds of evil. Natural evil is the absence of reality and since God is all that is real, natural evil is the absence of God. Moral evil is turning away from God and his teaching.
Plato advocated that the highest morality is achieving the highest well-being of humans. An individual should have the required virtues to achieve this morality. These include intelligence, courage, and other such qualities. The state should also function as a soul. It should have the unity of the soul by ensuring unity from the different individuals in the state. For this, he propagated the development on three classes: the craftsmen, the soldiers, and the governing. Each class has its own function and it should work for the well-being of the state through its designated virtues. When the different classes serve their functions properly, the state is in a state of well-being which ensures morality within the entire state.
According to Jeremy Betham, an act could only be considered moral if it was useful. In order to evaluate whether an act is useful or not, the consequences resulting from the action should be analyzed. If the resulting consequence leads to happiness, then the act can be classified as moral. The aim should be to achieve the greatest happiness for the greatest number of people. Betham denied the fact that morality should be based on the following natural rights. He chose happiness over natural .John Stuart Mill was inspired by Betham’s theory of utilitarianism and stated that morality is achieving general happiness. General happiness is achieved by providing the greatest amount of personal liberty to the highest number of people so that they could achieve their happiness. By personal liberty, Mill was referring to the freedom of speech, action, thought, and opinion. Mill took Betham’s utilitarianism further by adding the intellectual component.