I need some assistance with these assignment. the main principles of psychoanalysis and cognitive therapy Thank you in advance for the help! The therapist creates awareness of the automatic maladaptive thoughts that may evoke negative personal perception. The cognitive therapist aims to arouse alternative viewpoints and ideas on the patient. Based on the alternatives suggested, the patient can then test their potential against the accuracy of the alternative behaviors. This leads to the perception and adoption of new ways of acting and perceiving. Cognitive therapy may, therefore, be described as a psychological therapy that is fundamentally different from psychoanalysis. It is more practical and forward-looking. Cognitive therapy is limited to a particular number of sessions, unlike psychoanalysis, which is not time-bound. This paper offers a comparative overview of psychoanalysis and cognitive therapy as therapeutic approaches for treating mental disorders in adults. Both the similarities and differences between the two approaches will be focused on.
The main features of cognitive therapy are that it is highly instructional and takes homework as a central element. The approach is also highly directed and structured with the therapist setting the program for each session. However, the program is based on mutually-inclusive goals. The cognitive approach tends to ignore the client’s history by focusing on the here and now. Similarly, the relationship between the client and the therapist is not of much concern. The patient ceases to visit the therapist as soon as positive results of the therapy are realized (Kingdon, & Turkington, 2005).
On the other hand, psychoanalysis is less structured and does not involve homework assignments. The agenda is set by the client, not the therapist, by openly talking about what is on their mind. The client must be open enough and be able to recall past experiences that may be linked to the present psychological problem. Based on the present psychological situation, the therapist must also be knowledgeable enough to be able to structure questions.