I need some assistance with these assignment. behavioral psychology Thank you in advance for the help! Nevertheless, classical conditioning is passive on the part of the student while operant conditioning requires the active participation of the learner in performing some action in order to be rewarded or punished. Today, teachers, parents, psychologists, animal trainers and many others utilize classical and operant conditioning for a variety of purposes.
Classic conditioning also applies to animal training. A response called the conditioned response is associated with a stimulus that has never associated with the conditioned stimulus in the past. An unconditioned response refers to the original response to the unconditioned stimulus. The most cited example of classical conditioning experiments with dogs.
Dogs’ salivation in response to the unconditioned stimulus of smelling the food was the unconditioned response. The unconditioned response was the ringing of the bell associated with the conditioning stimulus when the bell rang every time the animal received the food (Boakes, 1984). This action repeats severally and with time, the dog learned to respond by salivating after associating the ringing of the bell with food.
After the conditioning period had come to an end, the dog would respond by salivating when the bell was rung even in the absence of food. The food was the unconditioned stimulus. thus the conditioned stimulus became the ringing of the bell, and the conditioned response was the dog salivating. Although the unconditioned and conditioned responses are thought to be identical by scientists, it is evident that the salivating in the conditioned and unconditioned dogs had quality differences.
Aversion therapy is a form of behaviour therapy in which an aversive stimulus, causing a strong feeling of dislike is paired with an undesirable behaviour in order to reduce or get rid of that behaviour (Skinner, 1953). One of the treatments grounded in learning theory is aversion therapy, with a fundamental principle that under the right circumstances, all behaviour can be learned, and undesirable behaviours can be unlearned.