Hi, need to submit a 1250 words paper on the topic Integrative Approaches to Psychology and Christianity. Therefore, during the conflict, it does not matter which opinion is closest to the truth, in relation to this theme. Entwistle argues that both psychological perspective and Christian view come from God. He provides historical background on the reason for debate versus faith to support his arguments. Over the past centuries, religious leaders and scientists have been both enemies and allies. For instance, during the times of Galileo and Copernicus, the church interrogated scientists to find the truth about their claims. On the other hand, scientists like J. W. Draper argue that believers are less intellectual. In the subsequent chapters, Entwistle introduces another key concept of worldview and interpretation (Entwistle, 2004). He says that an individual in search of the truth will, to some extent, be biased by how they perceive the physical world. It is, therefore, necessary to analyze people based on their presuppositions because it influences how they understand the world and the bible.
Integrating psychology and Christianity requires people to view science as descriptive of the world other than prescriptive of the world. For example, Christians should perceive a miracle as something that scientific experiments cannot explain. By doing so, they are creating a worldview that science is the answer to most phenomena happening in their physical world (Entwistle, 2004). In this book, Entwistle explains five models for integration, which include Colonists, Enemies, Neutral Parties, Spies, and Allies (Entwistle, 2004). According to Tertullian, disagreeing parties believe that reason and faith cannot be integrated. For instance, proponents of science believe that science is the truth for explaining the world’s phenomena while Christians believe that the Holy Bible is the truth. Entwistle present Spies as people who have a psychological backgrounds but are camouflaging in the religious community. Such people do not believe in most Christian teachings but recognize that forgiveness and prayer are significant to the secular world (Entwistle, 2004).