Ecotourism

Inbox2 of 10317Gold Peak® TeaDiscover A Variety Of Flavors From Gold Peak TeaFind your favorite Gold Peak Tea flavor and enjoy the feeling of home.N DOE SHOW <[email protected]>To pquarshie26 <[email protected]>Monday, May 21, 2018 6:24 PMClick to View Full HTML
———- Forwarded message ———
From: N DOE SHOW <[email protected]>
Date: Mon, May 21, 2018 at 3:07 PM
Subject: Re: UNESCO1.docx
To: Philomena Quarshie <[email protected]>

DIRECTIONS 
Write 6 to 7 page paper on “complexities in couples financial information”
MY TOPIC IS 
Complexities in Couples’ Financial Information 
Please use notes below to write paper plus two more additional sources. I have already cited them. Use citations in notes to added to “reference page”
Intro- 3 sections- conclusion.
-findings and theory 
-quotes 
This paper gives you the opportunity to examine an area of our everyday communication in a more in-depth manner by finding, reading, and analyzing original, scholarly sources on a topic of interest to you.  My hope is also that you learn how to write a good literature review that will help you in your future writing assignments.  

What is a literature review?  A literature review is an examination of the published work by researchers and scholars on a given topic.  A literature review should synthesize the information from the existing literature and organize it in a meaningful way.  It is not a separate summary of each source or article.  Additionally, a literature review should offer a critique of the existing literature, such as by discussing the strengths and weaknesses as well as areas that are in need of further investigation.    

Description:  This assignment lets you examine an area that we have read about and/or talked about in class (or will cover in the future) in more detail.  You will find and read at least three original, scholarly research articles.  By scholarly, I mean that the articles should come from published peer-reviewed journals, NOT magazines, newspapers, conference papers, dissertations/theses, or books.  Some good journals to look at are Communication Monographs, Journal of Communication, Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, and Personal Relationships, to name a few. Your last two sources may be from non journal sources.In total yor paper should have at least 5 sources.  If you have any questions about whether your sources are appropriate, please ask me.    

In your paper, you should synthesize the studies and articles that you have examined, focusing on the major findings.  You must carefully read the entirety of each article, but you should focus especially on the Discussion section.  Please note my use of the word synthesize.  I do not want a separate summary of each article; rather, I want you to present an overall picture of what you have learned from studying a small body of literature on this particular aspect of our everyday communication.  Your paper should be organized into three thematic subsections, each with a clear and separate heading.  Some questions that may be useful to think about are:  What questions is the research trying to answer?  What connections or similarities do you see between these studies?  What contexts were examined?  Are the findings consistent with each other?  How are the studies different?  

An important part of every literature review is a critique of the literature.  You should consider what the studies that you reviewed did well and what was limiting about the studies you reviewed. It is often helpful to carefully review the Method section when critiquing the literature.  You can also think about gaps in the research overall when constructing your critique.  Your critique of the literature will be a separate, labeled section and will lead up to at least one Research Question or Hypothesis.  In other words, you should end with a question or educated guess about your topic that was not answered in the literature you reviewed, but that you think

Journal Article Notes  – #1
Topic : Complexities in Couples’ Financial Information 
1. APA citation
Fowler , C., Gasiorek, J. & Afifi, W. (2016). Complex Considerations in Couples’ Financial   
             Information Management: Extending the Theory of Motivated Information                         
             Management. Communication Research 2018, Vol. 45(3) 365–393 The Author(s) 2016
2.  This study is concerned with complexities in couples’ financial Information. Many publications have shown that money  related issues can be a huge strain on relationships whether it is couples, marriage, or fiance. Couples must deal with the fact that markets may rise or fall and some promising futures could get compromised. Specifically test using the TMIM theory in three ways: (a) examining the joint operation of positive and negative emotions on information management, (b) testing multiple types of outcome expectancies (OEs), and (c) testing the model’s prediction of multiple information management strategies (i.e., direct information seeking, indirect information seeking, avoidance, and cognitive reappraisal). 
Next  we move into Financial Uncertainty and Information Management in Couples. Evertsson and Nyman (2014) found that even persons who managed their money independently considered implications of their partner’s resources for their own monetary choices and situation, and were open with their partners about their financial circumstances. It was stated that increased economic interdependence brings greater potential for financial uncertainty. 
“Speaking about money in marriage is the last taboo. Couples would prefer to talk about sex or infidelities rather than how they handle family finances or how much money they earn” (p. 1). Individuals may also be paralyzed by “emotional inertia” deriving from a “fear or sense of intimidation when faced with financial products and decision making” (Wood, Downer, Lees, & Toberman, 2012, p. 4). They may also be concerned that by initiating conversations about money, they risk being seen as “nagging” their partner. 
The TMIM posits that individuals proceed through a series of considerations, which the theory organizes into three phases, before arriving at a particular information management decision. In the interpretation phase, researchers operating within a TMIM framework adopt the position that, through a fairly complex process, uncertainty discrepancy indirectly influences information management decisions and behaviors. TMIM studies have found uncertainty discrepancy to be very much associated with anxiety (e.g., W. A. Afifi, Dillow, & Morse, 2004; Rauscher & Hesse, 2014). Uncertainty discrepancy will be associated with both anxiety and optimism.
Step 3. The Focus (Main points) of the article 
-Anxiety is inversely associated with knowledge and relationship OEs, whereas optimism will be positively associated with knowledge and relationships outcome expectancies. 
– Knowledge and relationship outcome expectancies will each be positively associated with efficacy assessments.
-Anxiety will be negatively associated with efficacy, whereas optimism will be positively associated with efficacy.
4. – Key words and definitions 

OE – outcome expectancy – Outcome assessments related to the knowledge learned or confirmed through information seeking were assessed by two items, for example, “Talking to my partner about our financial security would lead to or reinforce the conclusion that.
decision making
uncertainty

5. The author conducted this study to know more about how couples feel when it comes to money. These feelings help determine what the effects of their relationship and longevity of it. 
6. 

this study included a formal comparison of the performance of the TMIM for younger versus older adults. 

A substantial number (n = 79; 20%) had been in a relationship and cohabited for at least 2 years, while small proportions were engaged and cohabiting (n = 28; 7%), or in a civil union (n = 2; 1%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                ). Al  participants reported that their finances were interwoven with those of their partner, but about half (n = 183; 47%) maintained both separate and joint financial accounts. Most respondents were Pākehā (New Zealand European; n = 326; 84%) and approximately half (48%) had a bachelor’s degree or higher level qualification.
7.  Anxiety was also a positive and direct predictor of indirect information seeking. However, the overall indirect effect of anxiety on indirect information seeking was non-significant. Optimism did not predict indirect information seeking either directly or via the mediated paths.
Interestingly, both anxiety and optimism had a direct positive effect on information avoidance. However, neither anxiety nor optimism had a significant indirect effect on information avoidance.

Theory of motivated information management – we use the TMIM to examine the processes by which adults in committed romantic relationships manage financial uncertainty. 
Findings indicate that both (a) anxiety and optimism, and (b) knowledge outcome expectancies and relationship outcome expectancies differentially contributed to information management decisions.

8.  I will use this information for when I get into a serious committed relationship one day. This article gave me a different viewpoint about couples and how they handle their finances. I learned that anxiety and uncertainty of finances has an effect of couples’ happiness as well. 
Journal Article Notes  – #2
Topic : Complexities in Couples’ Financial Information 
1. APA citation –
Romo, L. K., & Abetz, J. S. (2016). Money as Relational Struggle: Communicatively Negotiating Cultural Discourses in Romantic Relationships. Communication Studies, 67(1), 94-110. doi:10.1080/10510974.2015.1121158
2.

Americans are socialized to desire material goods (e.g., Schor, 1998; Starr, 2007) and publicly display their wealth to others. This keeping-up-with-the-Joneses mentality (Duesenberry, 1949) reflects the notion that because status is reflected by spending, people seek to maintain the same social position as others—even those who are wealthier—by buying similar goods and services.
Americans are confronted with a variety of opposing cultural financial discourses that make money management difficult.
Much of the research pertaining to money and finances within romantic relationships comes from family and consumer sciences, family studies, psychology, sociology, and economics.
Although opposing cultural discourses exist, as a society, deemphasizing the importance of money as all-consuming and omnipotent could alter the ways in which people understand money and interact with one another and reinforce interpersonal communication. Culturally emphasizing the discourse that money is critical to survive but will not buy happiness could change people’s money mindsets.

3.

Cultural Financial Discourses – A cultural ideology of men as providers persists (Coughlin & Wade, 2012), even though nearly 40% of wives are their family’s primary breadwinners (Mundy, 2012). In the United States, money can be a source of freedom as well as oppression, pride as well as worry, and success as well as failure (Mitchell & Mickel, 1999). Such competing systems of meaning naturall surface in relational talk and may lead to conflict (Baxter, 2011), yet financial discourses have not been examined in the context of romantic relationships. 
Financial Communication in Relationships – There are limited research findings on parent-child interaction, identifying the ways in which parents teach and model behaviors to their children via consumer and financial socialization (e.g., Edwards, Allen, & Hayhoe, 2007), as well as how family communication patterns can influence children’s discussion of finances (e.g., Thorson & Kranstuber Horstman, 2014). 

biggest predictors of divorce 

Practical Strategies 

Interpersonal Applications – partners should strive to reject materialism , value spouses’ unpaid work; especially stay at home parents 
Cultural Applications – People need to take on the mindset that money isn’t everything and does not replace happiness 

4. 

Financial Communication – is an important Factor in reducing the Cost of capital, and relevant information about its financial situation. 
Interpersonal Communication;
Romantic Relationships; 
Cultural Discourses
Relational Dialectics

5.
6.
7. 
Relational Dialectics Theory – posits that throughout relationships, people are constantly drawing on and invoking systems of meaning, or discourses,1 to make sense of their values, feelings, and decisions (Baxter, 2011).
8. Quotes : 

Financial conflict is “one of the most important problems in contemporary married life” (Dew, 2009, p. 27) 
“money is a product of culture” (Wuthnow, 1996, p. 139), people’s financial mind sets and interactions are also likely shaped by society’s opposing cultural financial discourses (e.g., “save for a rainy day” but also “keep up with the Joneses”). 
Financial conflict is “one of the most important problems in contemporary married life” (Dew, 2009, p. 27).

Journal Article Notes  – #3

APA Citation 

Rick, S. I., Small, D. A., & Finkel, E. J. (2011). Fatal (Fiscal) Attraction: Spendthrifts and    Tightwads in Marriage. Journal Of Marketing Research (JMR), 48(2), 228-237. doi:10.1509/jmkr.48.2.228  
2.)   Summary
Despite this complementary attraction, tightwad–spendthrift differences within a marriage predict conflict over finances, which in turn predicts diminished marital well-being. These relationships persist when controlling for important financial outcomes (household-level savings and credit card debt). These findings underscore the importance of studying the relationships among money, consumption, and happiness at an interpersonal level. Social psychologists have frequently found that people tend to select spouses with similar demographic characteristics, attitudes, values, and even names (Jones et al. 2004). These findings suggest that people with similar spending tendencies will be attracted to one another. Rather, an important moderator could be whether people dislike a trait in themselves. People are powerfully motivated to avoid becoming their undesired self (Ogilvie 1987), and marrying someone who shares a disliked trait might be perceived as a step in that direction. This proposed moderation suggests that people who are unhappy with their typical spending behavior should be attracted to people who have dissimilar spending tendencies.
This reasoning is important because recent behavioral decision research has suggested that many people are unhappy with their typical spending behavior. This work suggests that, because opportunity costs are difficult to assess (e.g., Frederick et al. 2009; Jones et al. 1998), people rely on negative emotion—specifically, the “pain of paying”—as a proxy for opportunity costs when making spending decisions (Knutson et al. 2007; Prelec and Loewenstein 1998). However, because pain is only a crude proxy for opportunity costs, some people chronically spend more or less than they would have had they relied on consideration of opportunity costs to deter their spending (Rick, Cryder, and Loewenstein 2008).
3. Key Points – 
4. Key Words –
spousal decision making 
personal finance
consumer behavior
interpersonal relationships
marriage
5.
6. 

The primary purpose of Study 1 is to investigate our opposites-attract hypothesis. 

7.
8.
What is Complexities in Couples’ Financial Information ?
(a) examining the joint operation of positive and negative emotions on information management

Financial Communication in Relationships – There are limited research findings on parent-child interaction, identifying the ways in which parents teach and model behaviors to their children via consumer and financial socialization (e.g., Edwards, Allen, & Hayhoe, 2007), as well as how family communication patterns can influence children’s discussion of finances (e.g., Thorson & Kranstuber Horstman, 2014). 

biggest predictors of divorce 

(b) testing multiple types of outcome expectancies 

uncertainty 
certainty 

-Individuals may also be paralyzed by “emotional inertia” deriving from a “fear or sense of intimidation when faced with financial products and decision making”

people with similar spending tendencies will be attracted to one another.

Place your order
(550 words)

Approximate price: $22

Calculate the price of your order

550 words
We'll send you the first draft for approval by September 11, 2018 at 10:52 AM
Total price:
$26
The price is based on these factors:
Academic level
Number of pages
Urgency
Basic features
  • Free title page and bibliography
  • Unlimited revisions
  • Plagiarism-free guarantee
  • Money-back guarantee
  • 24/7 support
On-demand options
  • Writer’s samples
  • Part-by-part delivery
  • Overnight delivery
  • Copies of used sources
  • Expert Proofreading
Paper format
  • 275 words per page
  • 12 pt Arial/Times New Roman
  • Double line spacing
  • Any citation style (APA, MLA, Chicago/Turabian, Harvard)

Our guarantees

Delivering a high-quality product at a reasonable price is not enough anymore.
That’s why we have developed 5 beneficial guarantees that will make your experience with our service enjoyable, easy, and safe.

Money-back guarantee

You have to be 100% sure of the quality of your product to give a money-back guarantee. This describes us perfectly. Make sure that this guarantee is totally transparent.

Read more

Zero-plagiarism guarantee

Each paper is composed from scratch, according to your instructions. It is then checked by our plagiarism-detection software. There is no gap where plagiarism could squeeze in.

Read more

Free-revision policy

Thanks to our free revisions, there is no way for you to be unsatisfied. We will work on your paper until you are completely happy with the result.

Read more

Privacy policy

Your email is safe, as we store it according to international data protection rules. Your bank details are secure, as we use only reliable payment systems.

Read more

Fair-cooperation guarantee

By sending us your money, you buy the service we provide. Check out our terms and conditions if you prefer business talks to be laid out in official language.

Read more
Use the discount code "30OFFNOW" today and get a 30% offOrder Now