Compose a 1250 words assignment on the ease and effectiveness of the teaching and learning process. Needs to be plagiarism free! On the other hand, proponents of direct instruction claim that learners, especially those at the beginning stages of the learning process, need to be provided with the basic concepts, procedures, and strategies that would allow them to gain and hold on to information. This paper will present a summary of each type of instructional method, highlighting the learning theory or theorists that support each one. After this, an insight into the prevailing teaching methods will be provided, and a preferred teaching method will be discussed.
As explained by Kirschner et al. (2006), under direct instruction, learning, which occurs only when there is a presence of an alteration in long term memory, takes place by having an adult/more learned individual provide information that exhaustively explains the concepts and processes that learners are required to learn. This information also includes the learning strategy that is apt with human cognitive architecture. Human cognitive architecture is a concept that pertains to the hierarchy of cognitive structures as they are organized in a person’s mind (Kirschner, Sweller, & Clark, 2006).
Proponents of the direct instruction methods point out that a cognitively unprepared person cannot be expected to create learning out of nothing if the learner does not have the basic concepts and processes to draw upon his conclusions (Becker & Gersten, 1982. Kirschner, Sweller, & Clark, 2006. Kail & Cavanaugh, 2008). Kirschner, et al (2006) showed through several published pieces of research and studies that direct instruction had more impact on learners based on several tests conducted. Direct instruction proponents dispute the latest trend in education strategies which encourages learners to construct their own learning via minimal guidance even without prior knowledge of underlying concepts, principles, and processes (Baumann, 1982). They say that this method goes against the human cognitive architecture, that is, learners can only churn out, via long term memory, what was previously inputted to them.