Complete 5 pages APA formatted article: In What Ways are Piaget’s and Kolhberg’s Views of Moral Development Comparable.

Complete 5 pages APA formatted article: In What Ways are Piaget’s and Kolhberg’s Views of Moral Development Comparable. Kohlberg suggests that morality progresses along a series of different phases, each of which stands for a greater standard of moral reasonableness. The categorization of phases is based upon this reasoning. Kohlberg has based his findings upon studies involving several children, adolescents, and adults. The research revealed that both males and females belonging to all age groups and from different cultural and religious backdrops could travel through the stages defined by him. The first stage, Heteronomous Morality, indicates that children on the basis of intuitions know that if their actions are immoral they would be punished and hence the idea working behind this stage is that “goodness and badness are inherent in acts” (Moshman, 2005, p.55). The know-how about this good and bad are perceived by the adults and generated to the children. The second stage might be defined as individualism and exchange. When a child develops cognitively he gradually becomes aware of the social perspectives around him apart from his own. Hence they learn to respond to the call of others and see things from others’ viewpoint. The third stage is based upon ‘mutual expectations’ where social-cognitive development brings about more refined acceptance of perspectives and one person is able to perceive on the basis of relationships amongst individuals. The fourth stage based upon ‘social system’, involves a larger social perspective involving moral determinations, which are derived from the entire society. However, according to cross-cultural studies, it is less probable for people whose lives are based on traditional cultures to develop moral perception beyond the third stage. The fifth stage involves social agreements and individual rights where the differences of opinions and viewpoints come into focus and the people must abide by the common rules of law.&nbsp.&nbsp.

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