Complete 2 pages APA formatted article: Do some background research into the UK poplulation.

Complete 2 pages APA formatted article: Do some background research into the UK poplulation. E.g. size, social and ethnic background. Background The population of the United Kingdom is about 63.4 millions (Central Intelligence Agency, . Figure shows the estimated age structure of the UK population. About 41.1% of the people are in the age group 25 to 54 years, followed by about 17.3% in the age group 65 years and above and about 17.3% in the age group 0-14 years.

Figure 1: Age Structure (2013 est.)

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According to the 2011 census, the UK population was about 63.18 million (Office for National Statistics, 2013 A). Christianity (59.5%) is the major religion, followed by Islam (4.4%), Hinduism (1.3%), other (2.0%) and no religion or religion not stated (32.9%) (Central Intelligence Agency, 2014).

Figure 2 shows the 2011 census ethnic group breakdown in the UK. White (87.2%) is the major ethnic group, followed by Asian/Asian British (6.9%), black / African / Caribbean / Black British (3.0%), Mixed/multiple ethnic groups (2.0%) and other ethnic group (0.9%) (Office for National Statistics, 2013 A).

According to the 2011 census, all usual residents aged 16 to 74 in employment the week before the census was about 29.84 millions (Office for National Statistics, 2013 B). Figure 3 shows the 2011 census occupation and local authorities breakdown in the UK. About 17.3% of the people were in professional occupations, followed by Associate professional and technical occupations (12.6%), Skilled trades occupations (11.6%), Administrative and secretarial occupations (11.5%), Elementary occupations (11.2%), Managers, directors and senior officials (10.5%), Caring, leisure and other service occupations (9.42%), Sales and customer service occupations (8.56%), and Process, plant and machine operatives (7.3%).

Figure 2: Ethnic groups in the UK, 2011

Figure 3: Occupation, local authorities in the UK, 2011

The GDP per capita is about $37,300. The median age of the UK residents is 40.3 years. The male residents’ median age is 39.1 years and the female residents’ age is 40.3 years. The male to female sex ratio is about 0.99. The population growth rate is about 0.55%. The birth rate is 12.26 births per thousands and death rate is 9.33 deaths per thousands. The mother-maternal mortality rate is 12 deaths per 100 thousand live births. The infant mortality rate is 4.5 deaths per thousand live births. The life expectancy at birth is 80.29 years with male life expectancy at birth being 78.16 years and female life expectancy at birth being 82.54 years. The literacy rate is about 99% (Central Intelligence Agency, 2014). According to BBC News (2014), the unemployment rate stands at 7.2% at the present.

Bibliography

BBC News, 2014. UK unemployment falls by 125,000 to 2.34 million. [Online]

Available at: [Accessed 4 March 2014].

Central Intelligence Agency, 2014. The World Factbook, People and Society:: United Kingdom. [Online]

Available at: https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/uk.html [Accessed 4 March 2014].

Office for National Statistics, 2013 A. 2011 Census, Key Statistics and Quick Statistics for local authorities in the United Kingdom – Part 1. [Online]

Available at: http://www.ons.gov.uk/ons/rel/census/2011-census/key-statistics-and-quick-statistics-for-local-authorities-in-the-united-kingdom—part-1/rft-ks201uk.xls [Accessed 4 March 2014].

Office for National Statistics, 2013 B. 2011 Census, Key Statistics and Quick Statistics for local authorities in the United Kingdom – Part 2. [Online]

Available at: http://www.ons.gov.uk/ons/rel/census/2011-census/key-statistics-and-quick-statistics-for-local-authorities-in-the-united-kingdom—part-2/rft-ks608uk.xls [Accessed 4 March 2014].

Appendix A: Tables

Table 1: Age Structure (2013 est.)

Age structure

Percent

Total

Male

Female

0-14 years

17.31%

10,971,855

5,625,040

5,346,815

15-24 years

12.85%

8,145,644

4,158,813

3,986,831

25-54 years

41.10%

26,057,762

13,250,434

12,807,328

55-64 years

11.47%

7,269,737

3,589,345

3,680,392

65 years and over

17.27%

10,950,576

4,877,079

6,073,497

&nbsp.Total

&nbsp.

63,395,574

31,500,711

31,894,863

Source: Central Intelligence Agency

Table 2: Ethnic groups in the UK, 2011

Ethnicity

Size

Percent

White

55,010,359

87.07%

Gypsy / Traveller / Irish Traveller

63,193

0.10%

Mixed / Multiple Ethnic Groups

1,250,229

1.98%

Asian / Asian British: Indian

1,451,862

2.30%

Asian / Asian British: Pakistani

1,174,983

1.86%

Asian / Asian British: Bangladeshi

451,529

0.71%

Asian / Asian British: Chinese

433,150

0.69%

Asian / Asian British: Other Asian

861,815

1.36%

Black / African / Caribbean / Black British

1,904,684

3.01%

Other Ethnic Group

580,374

0.92%

Total

63,182,178

100.00%

Sources: Office for National Statistics, Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency, National Records of Scotland

Table 3: Occupation, local authorities in the UK, 2011

Occupation

Size

Percent

Managers, directors and senior officials

3,135,421

10.51%

Professional occupations

5,173,804

17.34%

Associate professional and technical occupations

3,753,396

12.58%

Administrative and secretarial occupations

3,432,622

11.50%

Skilled trades occupations

3,468,636

11.62%

Caring, leisure and other service occupations

2,810,462

9.42%

Sales and customer service occupations

2,555,147

8.56%

Process, plant and machine operatives

2,175,899

7.29%

Elementary occupations

3,333,107

11.17%

Total

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