Carl Jung and Sigmund Freud’s Theories of Human Behavior

Provide a 5 pages analysis while answering the following question: Carl Jung and Sigmund Freud’s Theories of Human Behavior. Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide. An abstract is required. Freud stated that all human beings had three personality levels. These were the ego, the id, and the superego. The level of the id is the one that houses a person’s primitive drives and supports the enactment of decisions that are purely based on pleasure. The id’s objective is to avoid pain at all costs and only seek pleasurable sensations. The ego, on the other hand, identifies the significance of reality and makes decisions based on concepts such as judgment, perception recognition, and memory. The last level, the superego, is dedicated to seeking perfection (Reber, 2006). This level houses the individual’s accepted social morals and ideals in the conscience.

Jung had different views about the different mental levels in the conscious mind. Instead of the ego, id, and superego, Jung perceived the human thought process as constituting an individual level of unconsciousness, an ego, and a collective unconscious. According to Jung, the ego was actually the conscious mind which had connections with the individual unconsciousness level. Jung also stated that while the personal unconsciousness level was tied to an individual’s emotions and had the ability to affect a person’s behaviors, the level of the collective unconscious is responsible for connecting humanity on various levels. For instance, experiencing religious communion in places of worship, falling in love, or even having identical dreams are all occurrences that result from the collective consciousness. In regards to the collective unconscious, Freud and Jung had different references to its contents. While Jung referred to the unconscious’ contents as archetypes, Freud referred to them as instincts (Reber, 2006). For Jung, the archetypes that filled the unconscious realm were of a spiritual nature. Freud, on the other hand, believed that the instincts in the unconscious were of biological extraction. Jung would go on to generate personality typologies which included the&nbsp.concepts of extroversion as well as introversion.

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